$179,000 Each--In Debt (June 5, 2013)
Debt and deficits don't matter--until they do. That which is unsustainable will go away.
Longtime contributor B.C. recently shared some eye-opening charts of debt in the U.S. The charts are self-explanatory, but I've added a few notes to highlight some of the key points.
Here is a chart of total government debt, local, state and Federal. For decades we've been assured by the delusional alliance of the Keynesian Cargo Cult and self-serving politicos that "deficits don't matter." Is adding debt while gross domestic product (GDP), wages, etc. are basically flatlined sustainable forever? Deficits don't matter until they do, and that will likely be a Supernova Model event of sudden crisis and implosion. When Escape from a Previously Successful Model Is Impossible (November 29, 2012)
Let's add household debt to the total government debt. This doesn't change the trajectory of rising debt much, but it neatly illustrates the era of financialization and "deficits don't matter" which began in the early 1980s of "financial innovations" such as securitizing the bedrock of middle class wealth, the family home.
Now let's look at this total government/household debt as a share of the nation's GDP. This chart shows when the GDP has grown faster than debt, and when debt has grown faster than GDP.
When debt is truly productive, the economy grows faster than the debt. The brief periods when this has been true are marked in green--the late 1960s-early 1970s, and the dot-com era of 1995-2000.
The eras when adding debt does little to boost GDP, i.e. eras of diminishing return on additional debt, are marked in red. This is known as debt saturation: we keep borrowing and squandering the money on malinvestments, but the spending doesn't boost GDP. Meanwhile the debt we're piling up must be serviced, i.e. interest on the fast-rising debt must be paid, essentially forever.
The last chart shows that government and household debt has reached $179,000 per person in the U.S. For the past several years, we've heard pundits blathering on about the "great deleveraging" that's reduced the household debt burden, freeing up American consumers to borrow more, more, more.
The Great Deleveraging is shown here--yes, it's that thin slice of debt writeoffs. Debt has since resumed its inexorable rise.
That which is unsustainable will go away. That includes debt, malinvestments,
currencies, deficits and yes, entire empires.
Things are falling apart--that is obvious. But why are they falling apart? The reasons are complex and global. Our economy and society have structural problems that cannot be solved by adding debt to debt. We are becoming poorer, not just from financial over-reach, but from fundamental forces that are not easy to identify or understand. We will cover the five core reasons why things are falling apart:
1. Debt and financialization
2. Crony capitalism and the elimination of accountability
3. Diminishing returns
5. Technological, financial and demographic changes in our economy
Complex systems weakened by diminishing returns collapse under their own weight and are replaced by systems that are simpler, faster and affordable. If we cling to the old ways, our system will disintegrate. If we want sustainable prosperity rather than collapse, we must embrace a new model that is Decentralized, Adaptive, Transparent and Accountable (DATA).
We are not powerless. Not accepting responsibility and being powerless are two sides of
the same coin: once we accept responsibility, we become powerful.
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